Landfill Vegetation Management


The maintenance of landfills in the United States is regulated and enforced by the Environmental Protections Agency. The EPA grants authority to enforce federal standards to state regulatory agencies.  One such state regulatory agency is South Carolina’s DHEC (Department of Health and Environmental Control). These state regulatory agencies are responsible for all types of landfills. These include Industrial Waste, Hazardous Waste, Construction and Demolition Debris and Municipal Solid Waste landfills.  

Local governments often own landfills but many are owned by private enterprise. By statute, landfills are required to be maintained for thirty years after they are closed. This puts an enormous burden on the owner. Effective, cost efficient management of vegetation becomes an important issue. NaturChem is the perfect vendor to provide many cost saving vegetation management services to this industry.


 

Mowing

One of the most important vegetation management services that NaturChem provides is mowing of the cap. Basic cutting of the vegetation must be performed regularly and provides several benefits. Mowing the cap makes:

 Methane gas detection much easier.
 Assessing the condition of the cap easier and more effective.
 It possible to find damage caused by roots of woody vegetation.
 It possible to find exposed waste from toppled trees.

It is generally much less expensive to maintain the vegetation than to repair the cap after discovering problems caused by erosion or roots.


Storm Water Systems Maintenance and Repair

Stormwater systems at landfills can include swales, culverts, detention basins, drainage ditches and other storm water structures. Failure to maintain these stormwater systems may cause serious damage to the cap. Uncontrolled water can also result in undesirable flooding, excess leachate generation and significant erosion. NaturChem has all of the experience and resources necessary to maintain and repair Storm Water Management Systems.

Hydroseeding

Hydroseeding is another service NaturChem provides to landfill management companies. When erosion is discovered, or repairs have been made, NaturChem is often called on to hydroseed affected areas. This process helps to establish desirable vegetation quickly and prevents continued or repeated repair issues.

In addition to Hydroseeding, NaturChem offers a broad array of other erosion control methods. These methods include:

 Installation of seed and straw mats.
 Installation of Rip Rap and Rock.
 Installation of Silt Fencing.
 Other storm water control devices.


 

Vegetation Management with Herbicides

One of the tools that NaturChem uses to maintain vegetation effectively is through the use of herbicides. Many landfills choose to use only mechanical methods to control vegetation at landfill sites but the use of herbicides to supplement mechanical methods is a perfectly viable option. Incorporating herbicide application as another tool for safe, efficient, and cost-effective vegetation management is something that each landfill owner should consider.

Graveled lots, roadbeds, fence lines, and rail spurs are examples of areas where total vegetation control is often desirable.  Our “bare ground” applications eliminate to control weeds mechanically while protecting the environment. All of the herbicides used by NaturChem have been approved by the Environmental Protection Agency for use at landfills.

Caps and other areas where maintaining turfgrass is necessary benefit from herbicide applications that remove weeds and undesirable vegetation. These applications not only remove undesirable vegetation, they also promote the growth of desirable low growing grasses.  Certain herbicide applications can regulate the growth of these grasses and create a denser ground cover.  Through the use of herbicides, customers benefit from cost savings due to a reduced mowing cycle.  In some cases, mowing becomes unnecessary.


 
 

Equipment Requirements

Safe, efficient, and cost-effective vegetation management at landfills brings with it some specific equipment requirements. NaturChem primarily utilizes dual wheel tractors, mowers especially designed for slopes, excavators with rotary cutting attachments. Mulching attachments are also used with the excavators for certain vegetation issues. Skid Steer or Bobcat loaders are often used with rotary cutters in areas deemed unsafe for excavators.